Asian Moose which include the 3 distinct subspecies are found throughout most of the Russian Federation as well as in part of Northern Mongolia, and China. Asian moose much like their in North American cousins tend to be darker in color around their faces and legs than the European Moose(alces alces alces) cousins and are bigger in both body mass and antlers. Antlers of Asian moose much like the North American are more pal-mated than the European subspecies. Eastern Asian moose have been used for their meat, hides, and even milk for generations. Even too this day moose milk is served in parts of Russia for it’s medicinal purposes. Currently moose populations in Asia are strong as opposed to during the early 20th Century when they were nearly wiped out in Western Russia.
The 3 subspecies of moose in Asia are, in no particular order.
(Alces alces pfizenmayeri) - The Yakutia Moose or the Mid-Siberian or Lena Moose is the most common moose in Asia ranging from the Yenisey River in the west and most of Siberia(excluding the ranges of the Chukotka and Amur Moose) to the east and Northern Mongolia. Yakutia Moose are much similar in size to the Western Moose of Canada. Males can stand 6 to almost 7 ft at the shoulder and weight between 1100 and 1300 pounds. Females of course are considerably smaller. Yakutia moose colorization is much darker than European Moose as they are considerably much darker in both their coats and legs. Yakuita moose also are the most common moose in Siberia, their predators include bears and wolves.
(Alces alces cameloides) – The Ussuri or Amur moose is the smallest moose sub-specie in Asia and the world. Amur moose are found in the Amur-Ussuri region of far eastern Russia as well as the North Eastern most part of China. Males stand 5 and half to 6 feet at the shoulder and weigh between 450-700 pounds. This is certainly not small but pales in comparison to the Chukotka or Alaskan moose. Amur moose also differ from other moose in that they are slimmer, have shorter legs, a shorter muzzle and larger head. However the main characteristic that makes the Amur moose different from other moose is their antler size or lack there of. Bulls antlers are small and cervine with little palmation. Antlers only 30-40 inches in outside spread and weigh 11-13 pounds, Alaskan and Chukotka antlers can weigh over 80 pounds and span nearly 6 feet in length. Amur moose often fall prey to the Amur(Siberian) Tiger.
(Alces alces burulini) - The Chukotka Moose also known as the east Siberian moose and far eastern moose is the largest moose in all of Asia and considered by some to be larger than the Alaskan moose of North America. Chukotka moose are found in some the of the harshest and most remote place on earth. They are found in Northeastern Siberia from the Alazeya River basin east to the Kolyma and Anadyr basins south through theKoryak range and Kamchatka Peninsula. Bulls stand almost seven feet at the shoulder and weight between 1100-1600 pounds, females are smaller. Chukotka moose antlers are some of the, in not the largest in the world. Antlers can be reach lengths of 60-70 pounds a weigh as much as 100 pounds. A full grown bull has few predators as brown bears and wolves take usually the sick,old or injured. The Chukotka moose is considered to be one the greatest trophy hunts in the world.
Asian Moose Range